By John Hamilton

listed in vaccination, originally published in issue 268 – February 2021 of Positive Health Online.

This article articulates well the vac debate. I thought it was worthy of sharing with you. My view agrees more with the comment underneath the article..

‘Ever since the development of the first vac in 1796, the technology behind vaccinology has progressed beyond the scope of the ordinance. The right to get vaccinated and live a life free of fear of suffering at the hands of easily preventable diseases is a basic human right, which is why vacs are instituted in expanded immunisation programs of governments, worldwide. Furthermore, agencies like WHO fund millions of dollars towards research, each year, for advanced vac production as well as the wide-scale implementation of immunisation programs through free and easily available vacs.

Vacs are administered as a means of active or passive immunization. They can be classified as live/attenuated, inactivated, toxoid, conjugate, or antibodies. The difference between these classes is the state of virus or bacterial organisms it can fight against. A live/attenuated vac is one that contains the literal “live” form of the organisms which have been debilitated to the extent that they are no longer fatal to human life. However, the vac elicits an immune reaction that generates antibodies that provide active immunization to the host. These include the rotavirus, MMR – measles, mumps, and rubella – and chickenpox vacs. Inactivated vacs contain a part of the organism like a polysaccharide chain or protein that is harmless even to immunocompromised individuals, but since it is still foreign to the body, it generates an immune response that provides immunity. Inactivated vacs include polio (IPV) and the Hepatitis-A vac. Bacteria and viruses release toxins that are curated into a vac whose administration generates an immune response. Toxoid vacs make use of these toxins alone, whilst conjugated vacs are a combination of polysaccharides, consolidated with the counterpart toxin, so they elicit an even stronger immune response.


Vac candidate mechanisms for SARS-CoV-2. Courtesy  Wikipedia

The newest type of vac currently under trial is the mRNA vac which consolidates the use of the ribonucleic acid component of the organism it is meant to provide immunity against. The antibody response generated by the body is effective in substantiating acquired immunity against this organism. The vac against COVID-19 is to be the first of this type.

The steps involved in vac manufacturing are generating the immune response by making prototypes, isolating them, adding recombinant technology and adjuvant, stabilizers, and preservatives as needed. It is an intricate process and requires careful evaluation and monitoring at all steps. Vacs are also temperature sensitive, which makes this entire process quite intricate.


  1. Tom said..Thanks for the explanation of vac. The current Covid potions are not technically vacs, but are gene therapy technologies. They are being created using computer algorithms that simulate what the Covid-2 pathogen (particle, bacteria, whatever) might look like as they have not actually used a known particle of Covid virus.

    None of these concoctions are being trialed to prevent death, stop the transmission of any disease or protect those with the most risk (mainly the elderly and those with pre-existing health conditions). So what is their purpose? And it will not be known until sometime in 2023 how well, if at all, these potions have worked… for anyone getting these shots, you are now part of the ongoing trial lasting 2-3 years.

    Any other vac is always created with the supposition that they will protect an individual against infection that could eventually lead to death (the fear factor in spades). In other words, we are pushed by the medical system to blindly (no questions asked) accept the idea that we will be saved from dying if we are vaccinated. That is not the case with these new RNA/DNA altering therapies.

    Never mind that real independent long term case studies are virtually non-existent to extract the results of any vac(s) usage as they pertain to having measurable benefits. There is virtually no field data that supports vac usage verses non-vac usage. And there are very few studies about the long term effects of the adjutant aluminum which is used in most vacs. One of many extremely toxic materials I do not want to be subject to. These are some of the reasons why I have not had any vaccinations in 40 years…I am age 71 and relatively healthy and on no medications.